ICF is a Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) two-step solution.

The first step is converting biomass (MSW) is converted into SAF (the “bioenergy” step). The second step is capturing and storing the carbon emissions from this bioenergy conversion in geological formations.

BECCS can be a negative emissions technology when it is implemented well, meaning, it could serve to draw down the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere.

The technologies involved are:

  1. Material Recovery Facilities that will process the MSW into gasifier ready feedstock. This material is dry, inert, and easy to handle.
  2. Efficient rail & barge logistics that will transport the feedstock to our plant, and the SAF produced to our customers.
  3. Synthetic fuel plants, where we will perform the following:
    a) Gasification, breaking the feedstock down into hydrogen and carbon, while capturing impurities in the resulting syngas, down to the parts per billion level
    b) Fuel Synthesis, where we will use a proven catalytic process called Fischer Trospch synthesis, to convert the hydrogen and carbon syngas into ultra-clean synthetic diesel and jet fuel
    c) Capture and store, underground, the excess carbon produced by this process

Our plant’s SAF production capacity, at 30,000 barrels per day (or 414 million gallons per year), will be constructed over two phases, in five years. We do this by diverting ~6 million tons of MSW from landfilling and incinerating.